How to access IPMI for dedicated servers

IPMI VPN Access

Configuring VPN with L2TP for Microsoft Windows
Configuring VPN with L2TP for Linux
Configuring VPN with L2TP for Mac OS

How to access your server using the IPMI interface
 

IPMI VPN Access

All our dedicated servers go with IPMI for easier server management. However, the IPMI interface is currently accessible from our private network only to provide enhanced security to the dedicated servers. Thus, it will be necessary to set up a VPN connection to access the IPMI interface.

There are several VPN security tunneling protocols. We use L2TP on our Dedicated servers. L2TP was designed as improvement over PPTP and is combined with IPSec in order to obtain better security. L2TP connections have stronger authentication by requiring computer-level authentication through certificates as well as user-level authentication through a PPP authentication protocol.

The VPN setup process is quite simple since no additional software is required on Windows, MacOS X and most of Linux distributions as the L2TP VPN clients are already included into most current desktop distributions.

Before you begin your IPMI VPN configuration, please make sure that you have the following information at hand:

    • VPN server name for our IPMI VPN network connection: vpn.phx.web-hosting.com
    • VPN user name: you can find it in the Welcome Email
    • VPN user password: it was sent in the Welcome Email as well
    • Pre-shared key: from your Welcome email
    • IPMI user name and password.

    Those users who have experience with VPN setup can follow these short instructions and move to the last paragraph of the article once VPN is ready:

    1. Create a VPN connection to our IPMI network.
    2. Configure the VPN connection to work only within our private network. This step is not obligatory but is strongly recommended, otherwise, you will not have Internet connection while the VPN connection is active.
    3. Connect to our IPMI VPN network.
    4. Browse to the IPMI interface of your server (see How to access your server using IPMI interface part of the guide)Those who need assistance with VPN setup may use this step-by-step guide for VPN configuration below:


    Configuring VPN with L2TP for Microsoft Windows

    1. Click on the Network icon (tray icon) and then click Network & Internet settings:



    2. Go to VPN  > click + Add a VPN Connection:

    <

    3. Enter the following details: 

    VPN Provider: Windows (built-in)
    Connection name: name for your new VPN connection
    Server name or address: vpn.phx.web-hosting.com
    VPN Type: L2TP/IPsec with pre-shared key
    Pre-shared key: from your Welcome Email
    Type of sign-in info: Username and password
    Username (optional): VPN username from your Welcome Guide
    Password (optional): VPN password from your Welcome Guide



    Click Save. Now it is possible to connect to IPMI VPN.




    Configuring VPN with L2TP for Linux

    Taking into consideration a wide variety of Linux distributions and desktop environments, there's no single guide for all of them.

    Run the command:

    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nm-l2tp/network-manager-l2tp
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install network-manager-l2tp
    sudo apt-get install network-manager-l2tp-gnome


    If you use Network Manager for configuring VPN, you can use the following instructions:

    1. Open Dashboard of your Linux Distributive, type Network Connections and find the corresponding icon in the search bar:



    2. Click the Add button:



    3. Select Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) from the drop-down menu and click Create.

    4. Use the following settings:

    Gateway: vpn.phx.web-hosting.com
    User name: VPN username from the Welcome Guide
    Password: VPN password from the Welcome Guide




    5. Click IPsec Settings

    Use the following settings:

    Pre-shared key: your pre-shared key from the Welcome Email



    Click Ok
    Click Save

    Now, it is possible to connect to IPMI VPN.




    Configuring VPN for Mac OS

    1. Go to System preferences:



    2. Choose Network then:



    3. At the bottom left corner of the new window press + to add a new connection:



    4. Choose VPN as a connection interface and L2TP/IPSec as the VPN Type, specify the name of the new connection service.
    Click Create:



    5. Select your newly created connection from the list and add the following settings:

    Server address: vpn.phx.web-hosting.com
    Account name: VPN username from your Welcome Email

    Click on the Authentication settings button:



    6. Select password authentication and enter VPN user and password from the Welcome email, then press OK:



    NOTE: New Mac versions starting from macOS 10.12 strictly require a shared key. To set it up, click Authentication Settings > enter VPN Password and Shared Key (from your Welcome Email):



    7. In order to avoid losing internet connectivity while you are connected to IPMI VPN, click the Advanced button and unselect Send all traffic over VPN connection:



    8. Click on the OK button. Now it is possible to connect to IPMI VPN.


    How to access your server using the IPMI interface

    Once you finished the setup, you should be able to manage your dedicated server through the IPMI interface using the credentials that you received in the Welcome Email.

    Don't forget to install Oracle Java (JRE) if you are going to use IPMI console redirection capabilities. Your server has an IPMI address 198.18.19.20 so you can access it in the browser:
    Disregard the certificate warning that might appear if you choose the secure connection. You can safely allow connecting to the IPMI interface (press Proceed Anyway) and even create a security exception for this case (but only for this one), your data transfer will be encrypted anyway:





    If you face some issues not mentioned above, feel free to submit a ticket to VPS and Dedicated servers department with the detailed description of the problem.

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