How to access IPMI for dedicated servers

IPMI VPN Access
Configuring VPN for Microsoft Windows
Configuring VPN for Mac OS
Configuring VPN for Linux
How to access your server using the IPMI interface
 

IPMI VPN Access

All our dedicated servers go with IPMI for easier server management. However, the IPMI interface is currently accessible from our private network only to provide enhanced security to the dedicated servers. Thus, it will be necessary to set up a VPN connection to access the IPMI interface.

The VPN setup process is quite simple since no additional software is required on Windows, MacOS X and most of Linux distributions as the PPTP VPN client is already included into most current desktop distributions.

Before you begin your IPMI VPN configuration, please make sure that you have the following information at hand:

    • VPN server name for our IPMI VPN network connection: vpn.phx.web-hosting.com
    • VPN user name: you can find it in the Welcome Email
    • VPN user password: it was sent in the Welcome Email as well
    • IPMI user name and password.

    Those users who have experience with VPN setup can follow these short instructions and move to the last paragraph of the article once VPN is ready:

    1. Create a VPN connection to our IPMI network.
    2. Configure the VPN connection to work only within our private network. This step is not obligatory but is strongly recommended, otherwise, you will not have Internet connection while the VPN connection is active.
    3. Connect to our IPMI VPN network.
    4. Browse to the IPMI interface of your server (see How to access your server using IPMI interface part of the guide)

    Those who need assistance with VPN setup may use this step-by-step guide for VPN configuration below:



    Configuring VPN for Microsoft Windows

    1. Click on Start -> Control Panel:



    2. Choose View network status and tasks:




    NOTE: Instead of the previous steps you can simply click on the Network connections icon in the task bar and select Open Network and Sharing Center:



    3. Click Set up a new connection or network:



    4. Click Connect to a workspace:



    5. Select Use my Internet connection:



    6. In the field Internet address type vpn.phx.web-hosting.com.

    NOTE: To avoid issues with the Internet access and DNS while you are connected to the IPMI VPN, it is strongly recommended to configure your newly created VPN connection first.

    To do that, please check the Don't connect now; just set up so I can connect later option and don't connect straight away:



    Fill in the user name and password fields with your login details (you can find VPN login details in your Welcome Email):



    7. Click on the Network connections icon in the task bar, right-click on your newly created VPN connection and select Properties:



    8. On the Networking tab select Internet Protocol version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and click on Properties then:



    9. Select Advanced:



    10. Unselect Use default gateway on remote network and click OK twice:



    11. Select PPTP as the VPN type on the Security tab:



    12. Unselect 3 checkboxes on the Options tab:



    13. Now you can connect to the newly created network from Network connections menu:




    Configuring VPN for Mac OS

    1. Go to System preferences:



    2. Choose Network then:



    3. At the bottom left corner of the new window press + to add a new connection:



    4. Choose VPN as a connection interface and L2TP/IPSec as the VPN Type, specify the name of the new connection service.

    Click Create:



    5. Select your newly created connection from the list and add the following settings:

    Server address: vpn.phx.web-hosting.com
    Account name: VPN username from your Welcome Email

    Click on the Authentication settings button:



    6. Select password authentication and enter VPN user and password from the Welcome email, then press OK:



    7. In order to avoid losing internet connectivity while you are connected to IPMI VPN, click the Advanced button and unselect Send all traffic over VPN connection:



    8. Click on the OK button. Now it is possible to connect to IPMI VPN.



    Configuring VPN for Linux

    Taking into consideration a wide variety of Linux distributions and desktop environments, there's no single guide for all of them


    Briefly, you require PPTP-client, dhclient and PPPD installed, port 1723 and GRE protocol opened in the firewall configuration.

    So your VPN configuration should include:

    require-mppe
    refuse-eap
    refuse-chap
    refuse-pap
    refuse-mschap
    nobsdcomp
    nodeflate
    lcp-echo-interval = 30
    lcp-echo-failure = 5
    ignore-auto-dns=true
    never-default


    If you use Network Manager for configuring VPN, you can use the following instructions:

    1. Open Dashboard of your Linux Distributive, type Network Connections and find the corresponding icon in the search bar:




    2. Press the Add button:




    3. Select PPTP from the drop-down menu and click Create:




    4. Use the following settings:

    Gateway: vpn.phx.web-hosting.com
    User name: VPN username from the Welcome Email
    Password: VPN password from the Welcome Email

    Click Advanced:




    5. Select Use Point-to-Point Encryption (MPPE), leave only MSCHAPv2 authentication method, disable all compressions except for TCP header compression, enable send PPP echo packet. The complete configuration is shown in the following screenshot:




    6. Click OK, go to the IPv4 Settings tab. Select the Automatic (VPN) Address Only method and click Routes:




    7. To avoid using Internet access while working with your dedicated server's IPMI interface, you should check Use this connection only for the resources on it's network.

    This action will prevent the default route from switching to the VPN connection when you connect to IPMI VPN:



    Once everything is done, click OK.


    How to access your server using the IPMI interface

    Once you finished the setup, you should be able to manage your dedicated server through the IPMI interface using the credentials that you received in the Welcome Email.

    Don't forget to install Oracle Java (JRE) if you are going to use IPMI console redirection capabilities.

    Your server has an IPMI address 198.18.19.20 so you can access it in the browser:

    Disregard the certificate warning that might appear if you choose the secure connection. You can safely allow connecting to the IPMI interface (press Proceed Anyway) and even create a security exception for this case (but only for this one), your data transfer will be encrypted anyway:



    browser2ipmi.png

    If you face some issues not mentioned above, feel free to submit a ticket to VPS and Dedicated servers department with the detailed description of the problem.

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