{"/api/v1/ncpl/currencies/getAll":{"body":[{"Name":"U.S. Dollar","Code":"USD","Symbol":"$","Separator":".","Culture":"en-US"},{"Name":"Euro","Code":"EUR","Symbol":"€","Separator":",","Culture":"en-US"},{"Name":"British Pound","Code":"GBP","Symbol":"£","Separator":".","Culture":"en-US"},{"Name":"Canadian Dollars","Code":"CAD","Symbol":"C$","Separator":".","Culture":"en-US"},{"Name":"Australian Dollars","Code":"AUD","Symbol":"A$","Separator":".","Culture":"en-US"},{"Name":"Indian Rupees","Code":"INR","Symbol":"Rs","Separator":".","Culture":"en-US"},{"Name":"China Yuan RMB","Code":"CNY","Symbol":"¥","Separator":".","Culture":"en-US"}],"status":200,"statusText":"OK"},"/api/v1/ncpl/usermanagement/uiuser/getHeaderUserInfo:\"{\\\"hideSupportPin\\\":true}\"":{"body":{"__ctxId":"E2269CCD1E144CC9A02545D85FAA7AF6","__isError":true,"__errorType":"Nc.Platform.Abstractions.UnauthorizedException","Http_WWW_Authenticate":"Bearer","StatusCode":"Unauthorized","LogLevel":3,"Message":"","InnerException":null,"HelpLink":null,"Source":"Nc.Security.Middleware"},"status":401,"statusText":"Unauthorized"},"/api/v1/ncpl/cart/user/getShoppingCartSummary:\"{\\\"finalTotalOnly\\\":true}\"":{"body":null,"status":200,"statusText":"OK"}}
{"/api/v1/ncpl/simplekb/getarticle:\"{\\\"articleId\\\":786,\\\"categoryId\\\":33}\"":{"body":{"Id":786,"FriendlyId":"","ArticleTypeId":0,"Title":"What is an SSL certificate and what is it used for?","ArticleName":"What is an SSL certificate and what is it used for?","ArticleSummary":null,"PreponedSummary":false,"Approved":true,"Body":"
		<p>
				<b>1. Introduction</b>
		</p>
		<p>
				<a href="https://www.namecheap.com/security/ssl-certificates/">SSL certificates</a> are used to create an encrypted channel between the client and the server. Transmission of such data as credit card details, account login information, any other sensitive information has to be encrypted to prevent eavesdropping. </p>
		<p>With an SSL certificate, data is encrypted prior to being transmitted via Internet. Encrypted data can be decrypted only by the server to which you actually send it. This ensures that the information you submit to websites will not be stolen.</p>
		<p>Starting from 06/08/2014, Google <a href="https://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2014/08/https-as-ranking-signal.html" target="_blank">announced</a> that having an <a href="https://www.namecheap.com/support/knowledgebase/article.aspx/9418//installing-a-ssl-certificate-on-your-server-using-cpanel">SSL certificate installed</a> on your website will increase your ranking position, which is another great reason to use an SSL. </p>
		<p>The certificate itself represents base64 encoded data that contains information about the entity the certificate was issued for, public key required for encryption and digital signature verification, and digital signature created with the private key of the certificate issuer.</p>
		<p>
				<img class="kb-image" src="https://Namecheap.simplekb.com/SiteContents/2-7C22D5236A4543EB827F3BD8936E153E/media/01_certificate.jpg" alt="certificate" width="585" height="365" border="0" />
		</p>
		<p>An SSL certificate has to be <a href="https://www.namecheap.com/support/knowledgebase/article.aspx/795/69/how-to-install-ssl-certificates" target="_blank">installed</a> on the server side.
When you access a website secured by an SSL certificate issued by a trusted Certification Authority, you will see https:// at the beginning of its URL. A browser will also show the connection as secure by displaying a “lock” icon in the address bar:</p>
		<p>
				<img class="kb-image" src="https://Namecheap.simplekb.com/SiteContents/2-7C22D5236A4543EB827F3BD8936E153E/media/02_https.png" alt="https" width="206" height="30" border="0" />
		</p>
		<p>
				<b>2. Types of SSL certificates</b>
		</p>
		<p>SSL certificates can be divided into 3 validation groups:</p>
		<p>
				<a href="https://www.namecheap.com/security/ssl-certificates/domain-validation.aspx" target="_blank">Domain Validation Certificates</a>
		</p>
		<p>Requires a certificate applicant to prove his/her control over the domain name only.
The issued certificate contains a domain name that was supplied to the Certification Authority within the <a href="https://www.namecheap.com/support/knowledgebase/article.aspx/337/67/what-is-a-certificate-signing-request-csr" target="_blank">certificate request.</a></p>
		<p>
				<a href="https://www.namecheap.com/security/ssl-certificates/organization-validation.aspx" target="_blank">Organization Validation Certificates</a>
		</p>
		<p>Requires a certificate applicant to prove that his/her company is a registered and legally accountable business, and to pass domain validation. The issued certificate contains a domain and company name of the certificate applicant.</p>
		<p>
				<a href="https://www.namecheap.com/security/ssl-certificates/extended-validation.aspx" target="_blank">Extended Validation Certificates</a>
		</p>
		<p>Includes validation requirements of two validation types mentioned above and <a href="https://www.namecheap.com/support/knowledgebase/article.aspx/981/38/certificates-with-extended-validation" target="_blank">additional requirements</a>. The issued certificate contains a domain and company name of the certificate applicant. <br /></p>
		<center>
				<h3>Technical Overview</h3>
		</center>
		<p>Glossary</p>
		<ul>
				<li>
						<b>Asymmetric cryptography</b> - ciphers that imply different keys for encryption and decryption processes</li>
				<li>
						<b>Cipher suite</b> - set of key exchange, authentication, encryption and message authentication code (MAC) algorithms used within SSL/TLS protocols</li>
				<li>
						<b>Handshake</b> - protocol use within SSL/TLS for the purpose of security parameters negotiation</li>
				<li>
						<b>Key exchange</b> - in the context of SSL/TLS, the way client and server securely establish a pre-master secret for a session</li>
				<li>
						<b>Master secret</b> - key material used for generation of encryption keys, MAC secrets and initialization vectors (IVs)</li>
				<li>
						<b>Message Authentication Code (MAC)</b> - one-way hash function computed over a message and a secret</li>
				<li>
						<b>Pre-master secret</b> - key material used for the master secret derivation</li>
				<li>
						<b>Symmetric cryptography</b> - ciphers that imply the same key both for encryption and decryption processes</li>
		</ul>
		<p>
				<b>4. Symmetric &amp; Asymmetric cryptography</b>
		</p>
		<p>Two types of cryptography are being used by SSL/TLS protocols: symmetric and asymmetric.</p>
		<p>Symmetric cryptography (also called “bulk encryption”) implies the same key for encryption as well as for decryption. In SSL/TLS symmetric ciphers are generally used for application data encipherment.<br />
Examples of symmetric ciphers: AES, RC4, DES<br />
Asymmetric cryptography (also called “public key cryptography”) implies different keys for encryption and decryption.<br />
Public key contained in a CSR and subsequently in an SSL certificate is used for encryption and signature verification. A private key which is typically kept on the server may be used, depending on the cipher suite negotiated during the handshake, either for decryption of a pre-master secret required for computation of a master secret, or for signing parameters required to compute a master secret.<br />
In plain words, in the context of SSL/TLS protocols,  asymmetric encryption serves the purpose of secure symmetric encryption key computation for both sides (client/server).</p>
		<p>Example of asymmetric cryptosystems: RSA, DHE, ECDHE</p>
		<p>
				<b>5. Cipher Suite</b>
		</p>
		<p>Cipher suite is a set of key exchange, authentication, encryption and message authentication code (MAC) algorithms used within SSL/TLS protocols.</p>
		<p>Examples:</p>
		<p>Cipher suite TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 implies<br />
- DHE for key exchange<br />
- RSA for authentication<br />
- AEC_256_GCM for bulk encryption<br />
- SHA384 is a hash function used for MAC computations</p>
		<p>
				<b>6. Handshake</b>
		</p>
		<p>Handshake is a protocol used within SSL/TLS for the purpose of security parameters negotiation. Depending on the cipher suite, a handshake can consist of different messages that parties send to each other.</p>
		<p>The diagram below describes one of the most common handshake message flows that imply premaster key encipherment with an RSA public key. Such a handshake message flow is applicable for cipher suites as follows (examples):</p>
		<p>TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5<br />
TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA<br />
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA<br />
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256<br />
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256<br />
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384</p>
		<p>
				<img class="kb-image" src="https://Namecheap.simplekb.com/SiteContents/2-7C22D5236A4543EB827F3BD8936E153E/media/04_handshake.jpg" alt="handshake" width="612" height="1160" border="0" />
		</p>
","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"2019-10-29T14:34:45.0000000","LiveDateTime":"1754-02-02T00:00:00.0000000","CreatedDateTime":"2010-02-21T12:21:45.0000000","ApprovalDatetime":"2010-02-21T12:22:51.0000000","RequestCount":75824,"MarkedAsNew":false,"MarkedAsFeatured":false,"RatingValue":3,"CategoryPaths":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryPathDto","Level":1,"CategoryId":12,"CategoryName":"Hosting"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryPathDto","Level":2,"CategoryId":33,"CategoryName":"SSL Installation"}],"AssociatedCategories":[{"CategoryId":33,"CategoryName":"SSL Installation","CategoryDisplayName":"HostingSSL Installation"},{"CategoryId":38,"CategoryName":"SSL General","CategoryDisplayName":"SSL CertificatesSSL General"}],"AssociatedTags":[{"TagId":463,"Tag":"ssl"}],"RelatedArticles":[],"AssociatedMedias":[],"PreferredCategoryId":0,"RootParentCategoryName":null,"RootParentCategoryId":0},"status":200,"statusText":"OK"},"/api/v1/ncpl/simplekb/getcategorybycategoryid:\"{\\\"categoryId\\\":33}\"":{"body":{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"Parent_Category_Name":"Hosting","FriendlyId":null,"ApprovedYN":true,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"CreatedDateTime":"7/21/2008 4:07:56 PM","CurrentCategoryPaths":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryPathDto","Level":1,"CategoryId":12,"CategoryName":"Hosting"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryPathDto","Level":2,"CategoryId":33,"CategoryName":"SSL Installation"}],"RelatedCategories":[],"AssociatedArticles":[{"ArticleId":9593,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Amazon Web Services (AWS)","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Amazon Web Services (AWS)","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"09/02/2020"},{"ArticleId":9595,"Title":"HTTP to HTTPS redirection on IIS","ArticleName":"HTTP to HTTPS redirection on IIS","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/25/2019"},{"ArticleId":9635,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Synology NAS","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Synology NAS","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/06/2019"},{"ArticleId":9681,"Title":"Installing an SSL Certificate in Vesta CP","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL Certificate in Vesta CP","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/08/2020"},{"ArticleId":9686,"Title":"Installing an SSL Certificate on Sun Java System Web Server 7.x","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL Certificate on Sun Java System Web Server 7.x","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/28/2019"},{"ArticleId":9702,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Webmin","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Webmin","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/06/2019"},{"ArticleId":9705,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Node.js","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Node.js","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/08/2019"},{"ArticleId":9746,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate in Exchange 2013 EAC","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate in Exchange 2013 EAC","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/28/2019"},{"ArticleId":9749,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate in Exchange 2013 Shell","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate in Exchange 2013 Shell","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/02/2019"},{"ArticleId":9750,"Title":"How to export/import certificates on Exchange 2013 Shell","ArticleName":"How to export/import certificates on Exchange 2013 Shell","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/12/2020"},{"ArticleId":9754,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on IIS 8&10","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on IIS 8&10","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"08/21/2020"},{"ArticleId":9756,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Heroku (paid SSL Endpoint)","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Heroku (paid SSL Endpoint)","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/02/2019"},{"ArticleId":9823,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Microsoft Azure Web App","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Microsoft Azure Web App","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/26/2020"},{"ArticleId":9825,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on a GlassFish application server","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on a GlassFish application server","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/28/2019"},{"ArticleId":9842,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Zimbra","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Zimbra","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/02/2019"},{"ArticleId":9853,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Google App Engine","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Google App Engine","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/29/2019"},{"ArticleId":9865,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Exchange 2010","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Exchange 2010","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/29/2019"},{"ArticleId":9899,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Mac OS X/Yosemite/El Capitan","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Mac OS X/Yosemite/El Capitan","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"02/20/2020"},{"ArticleId":9919,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on SonicWall","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on SonicWall","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/29/2019"},{"ArticleId":9956,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on  Plesk Onyx","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on  Plesk Onyx","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/04/2019"},{"ArticleId":9958,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Citrix NetScaler VPX","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Citrix NetScaler VPX","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/29/2019"},{"ArticleId":9970,"Title":"IIS: multiple certificates installation","ArticleName":"IIS: multiple certificates installation","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/29/2019"},{"ArticleId":10026,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on XAMPP","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on XAMPP","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/02/2019"},{"ArticleId":10050,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Heroku SSL","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Heroku SSL","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/03/2020"},{"ArticleId":10052,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate in CWP 7","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate in CWP 7","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/02/2019"},{"ArticleId":10063,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Windows using Certeq","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Windows using Certeq","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/02/2019"},{"ArticleId":10134,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Ubiquiti Unifi","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Ubiquiti Unifi","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"02/01/2021"},{"ArticleId":10154,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on ISPConfig","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on ISPConfig","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"08/15/2019"},{"ArticleId":10175,"Title":"Can I install an SSL Certificate on a Parked Domain in cPanel?","ArticleName":"Can I install an SSL Certificate on a Parked Domain in cPanel?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"02/01/2021"},{"ArticleId":10252,"Title":"How to set up an SSL certificate in SiteWorx account","ArticleName":"How to set up an SSL certificate in SiteWorx account","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/20/2020"},{"ArticleId":10313,"Title":"SSL Certificate installation on httpd (CentOS)","ArticleName":"SSL Certificate installation on httpd (CentOS)","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"01/15/2021"},{"ArticleId":10314,"Title":"SSL Certificate installation on apache2 (Debian, Ubuntu)","ArticleName":"SSL Certificate installation on apache2 (Debian, Ubuntu)","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"01/28/2021"},{"ArticleId":10332,"Title":"Importing/Exporting certificates on Mac OS via Keychain","ArticleName":"Importing/Exporting certificates on Mac OS via Keychain","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/16/2020"},{"ArticleId":633,"Title":"IIS","ArticleName":"IIS","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"12/22/2020"},{"ArticleId":9418,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on your server, using cPanel","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on your server, using cPanel","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/19/2020"},{"ArticleId":9419,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Nginx","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Nginx","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"01/28/2021"},{"ArticleId":9423,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Apache","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Apache","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/13/2020"},{"ArticleId":9424,"Title":"Installing an SSL Certificate on IIS 7","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL Certificate on IIS 7","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"12/22/2020"},{"ArticleId":9425,"Title":"Installing an SSL Certificate using DirectAdmin","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL Certificate using DirectAdmin","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/12/2020"},{"ArticleId":9439,"Title":"Installing an SSL Certificate using WHM","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL Certificate using WHM","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/03/2020"},{"ArticleId":9441,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate on Tomcat","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate on Tomcat","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"08/21/2020"},{"ArticleId":9443,"Title":"Installing an SSL Certificate on Exchange 2007 (PowerShell)","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL Certificate on Exchange 2007 (PowerShell)","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/21/2019"},{"ArticleId":9448,"Title":"Installing an SSL certificate in Plesk 12","ArticleName":"Installing an SSL certificate in Plesk 12","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/14/2020"},{"ArticleId":786,"Title":"What is an SSL certificate and what is it used for?","ArticleName":"What is an SSL certificate and what is it used for?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"10/29/2019"},{"ArticleId":9260,"Title":"Why is it beneficial to have a dedicated IP address?","ArticleName":"Why is it beneficial to have a dedicated IP address?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/12/2019"},{"ArticleId":9259,"Title":"SNI technology","ArticleName":"SNI technology","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"07/06/2018"},{"ArticleId":214,"Title":"Can I install SSL certificates for a couple of domains at once on Namecheap hosting servers?","ArticleName":"Can I install SSL certificates for a couple of domains at once on Namecheap hosting servers?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"11/22/2018"},{"ArticleId":215,"Title":"How many SSL certificates can I install under my Namecheap hosting account?","ArticleName":"How many SSL certificates can I install under my Namecheap hosting account?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"12/28/2020"},{"ArticleId":804,"Title":"SSL certificate activation and installation for domain(s) hosted on Namecheap hosting servers","ArticleName":"SSL certificate activation and installation for domain(s) hosted on Namecheap hosting servers","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"01/20/2021"},{"ArticleId":9393,"Title":"Where do I find SSL CA Bundle?","ArticleName":"Where do I find SSL CA Bundle?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"12/18/2020"},{"ArticleId":211,"Title":"How can I get a CSR code for a domain hosted on Namecheap hosting servers?","ArticleName":"How can I get a CSR code for a domain hosted on Namecheap hosting servers?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"08/31/2020"},{"ArticleId":213,"Title":"Do you allow SSL installation on a subdomain of a domain hosted on Namecheap hosting servers?","ArticleName":"Do you allow SSL installation on a subdomain of a domain hosted on Namecheap hosting servers?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"05/06/2018"},{"ArticleId":9464,"Title":"Can I download an issued certificate on your site?","ArticleName":"Can I download an issued certificate on your site?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"12/07/2020"},{"ArticleId":9465,"Title":"How do I export my certificate from Apache?","ArticleName":"How do I export my certificate from Apache?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"05/27/2016"},{"ArticleId":122,"Title":"Is there a shared SSL certificate for domains hosted on Namecheap hosting servers?","ArticleName":"Is there a shared SSL certificate for domains hosted on Namecheap hosting servers?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"08/31/2020"},{"ArticleId":824,"Title":"How can I renew an SSL certificate for a domain hosted on Namecheap servers?","ArticleName":"How can I renew an SSL certificate for a domain hosted on Namecheap servers?","LiveDateTime":"2/2/1754 12:00:00 AM","NewTillDate":null,"FeaturedTillDate":null,"ModifiedDateTime":"08/26/2020"}],"AssociatedTags":[],"CategoryId":33,"CategoryName":"SSL Installation"},"status":200,"statusText":"OK"},"/api/v1/ncpl/simplekb/getcategories:\"{\\\"parentCategoryId\\\":0,\\\"getTree\\\":true}\"":{"body":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2216,"CategoryName":"Spam Protection"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2217,"CategoryName":"Renewal"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2218,"CategoryName":"cPanel SSL Plugin"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2219,"CategoryName":"PHP Configuration"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2221,"CategoryName":"Multi-Domain SSL Certificates"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2222,"CategoryName":"Cancellation"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2223,"CategoryName":"Browser errors"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2224,"CategoryName":"Site Seal, Logo"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2225,"CategoryName":"SEO"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2226,"CategoryName":"Email Migration"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2211,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2227,"CategoryName":"SSL Resellers"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":true,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/cloud-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2228,"CategoryName":"Apps","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2244,"CategoryName":"VPN"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2246,"CategoryName":"How to set up VPN?"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2248,"CategoryName":"Router VPN setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2249,"CategoryName":"Windows built-in VPN setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2251,"CategoryName":"Supersonic CDN"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":177,"CategoryName":"G Suite (Google Apps)"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2211,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2229,"CategoryName":"Hosting Resellers"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2232,"CategoryName":"DNSSEC"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2234,"CategoryName":"G Suite (Google Apps)"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2237,"CategoryName":"Host records setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2238,"CategoryName":"SSL installation errors"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/easywp-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2239,"CategoryName":"EasyWP","SubCategories":[]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2244,"CategoryName":"VPN"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2246,"CategoryName":"How to set up VPN?"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2248,"CategoryName":"Router VPN setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2249,"CategoryName":"Windows built-in VPN setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2251,"CategoryName":"Supersonic CDN"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2252,"CategoryName":"InterWorx questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"https://files.namecheap.com/cdn/1055/assets/img/pictograms/150/video-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2253,"CategoryName":"How-To Videos","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2254,"CategoryName":"Domains How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2255,"CategoryName":"Hosting How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2257,"CategoryName":"Sales & Payments How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2258,"CategoryName":"cPanel Email How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2262,"CategoryName":"EasyWP How-To"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2254,"CategoryName":"Domains How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2255,"CategoryName":"Hosting How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2257,"CategoryName":"Sales & Payments How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2258,"CategoryName":"cPanel Email How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2260,"CategoryName":"Private Email Contacts and Calendars Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2253,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2262,"CategoryName":"EasyWP How-To"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":27,"CategoryName":"Getting Started"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/support-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":5,"CategoryName":"General & Support","SubCategories":[]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":7,"CategoryName":"Billing FAQ"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2209,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":8,"CategoryName":"Transfer Information"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":22,"CategoryName":"Hosting Information"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":38,"CategoryName":"SSL General"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":9,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":45,"CategoryName":"Account Security"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":46,"CategoryName":"Domain Management"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2211,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":63,"CategoryName":"Namecheap API"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2228,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":177,"CategoryName":"G Suite (Google Apps)"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2179,"CategoryName":"Private Email: General Information"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2211,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2196,"CategoryName":"WHMCS module for SSL"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/savings-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2200,"CategoryName":"Checkout & Billing","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":7,"CategoryName":"Billing FAQ"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2201,"CategoryName":"Domains Billing"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":21,"CategoryName":"Hosting Billing"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":71,"CategoryName":"SSL Certificates Billing"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2177,"CategoryName":"Private Email"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2201,"CategoryName":"Domains Billing"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":67,"CategoryName":"Activation"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2209,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":83,"CategoryName":"Transfer to Namecheap"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":9,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":43,"CategoryName":"Profile Management"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":10,"CategoryName":"DNS Questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":29,"CategoryName":"cPanel questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2215,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Mailbox Management"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2214,"CategoryName":"Email Forwarding"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":21,"CategoryName":"Hosting Billing"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":11,"CategoryName":"Dynamic DNS"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":9,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":44,"CategoryName":"Account Access"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2209,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":84,"CategoryName":"Transfer to another provider"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":68,"CategoryName":"Validation"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2182,"CategoryName":"cPanel: Software Management"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2187,"CategoryName":"cPanel: WordPress"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2209,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":219,"CategoryName":"Canceled Transfers"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":71,"CategoryName":"SSL Certificates Billing"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2176,"CategoryName":"Private Email: DNS Settings"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":69,"CategoryName":"Installation"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/reseller-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":34,"CategoryName":"Domains","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2232,"CategoryName":"DNSSEC"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2234,"CategoryName":"G Suite (Google Apps)"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2237,"CategoryName":"Host records setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":46,"CategoryName":"Domain Management"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":10,"CategoryName":"DNS Questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":11,"CategoryName":"Dynamic DNS"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":35,"CategoryName":"Registrations"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2207,"CategoryName":"Renewal questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":36,"CategoryName":"Domains with extended attributes"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":51,"CategoryName":"FreeDNS"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":15,"CategoryName":"Marketplace"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2208,"CategoryName":"3rd Party Services Setup"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":35,"CategoryName":"Registrations"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":70,"CategoryName":"Reissuance"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/protection-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":37,"CategoryName":"WhoisGuard","SubCategories":[]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2200,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2177,"CategoryName":"Private Email"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2178,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Webmail Features"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2207,"CategoryName":"Renewal questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2210,"CategoryName":"cPanel Add-ons"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2175,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Client Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/status-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2209,"CategoryName":"Domain Transfers","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2209,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":8,"CategoryName":"Transfer Information"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2209,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":83,"CategoryName":"Transfer to Namecheap"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2209,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":84,"CategoryName":"Transfer to another provider"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2209,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":219,"CategoryName":"Canceled Transfers"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":48,"CategoryName":"VPS"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":36,"CategoryName":"Domains with extended attributes"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":true,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/server-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":12,"CategoryName":"Hosting","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2219,"CategoryName":"PHP Configuration"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2225,"CategoryName":"SEO"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2252,"CategoryName":"InterWorx questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":27,"CategoryName":"Getting Started"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":22,"CategoryName":"Hosting Information"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":29,"CategoryName":"cPanel questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2182,"CategoryName":"cPanel: Software Management"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2187,"CategoryName":"cPanel: WordPress"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2210,"CategoryName":"cPanel Add-ons"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":48,"CategoryName":"VPS"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2188,"CategoryName":"Dedicated Server"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":30,"CategoryName":"WHM questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":32,"CategoryName":"DNS settings"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":103,"CategoryName":"LVE (CloudLinux)"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":89,"CategoryName":"SSH Access"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":205,"CategoryName":"FTP questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2180,"CategoryName":"MySQL questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2199,"CategoryName":"Hosting Migration"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2194,"CategoryName":"Tips & Tricks"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":239,"CategoryName":"WHMCS"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":33,"CategoryName":"SSL Installation"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2171,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Active Sync (Exchange) Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2188,"CategoryName":"Dedicated Server"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":30,"CategoryName":"WHM questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":31,"CategoryName":"cPanel Email FAQs"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":51,"CategoryName":"FreeDNS"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/email-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":93,"CategoryName":"Email service","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2216,"CategoryName":"Spam Protection"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2226,"CategoryName":"Email Migration"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2260,"CategoryName":"Private Email Contacts and Calendars Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2179,"CategoryName":"Private Email: General Information"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2215,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Mailbox Management"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2214,"CategoryName":"Email Forwarding"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2176,"CategoryName":"Private Email: DNS Settings"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2178,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Webmail Features"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2175,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Client Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2171,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Active Sync (Exchange) Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":31,"CategoryName":"cPanel Email FAQs"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2186,"CategoryName":"cPanel Email: Client Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2204,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Video Overview"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":32,"CategoryName":"DNS settings"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":15,"CategoryName":"Marketplace"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2186,"CategoryName":"cPanel Email: Client Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":34,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2208,"CategoryName":"3rd Party Services Setup"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":93,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2204,"CategoryName":"Private Email: Video Overview"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/security-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":14,"CategoryName":"SSL Certificates","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2217,"CategoryName":"Renewal"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2218,"CategoryName":"cPanel SSL Plugin"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2221,"CategoryName":"Multi-Domain SSL Certificates"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2222,"CategoryName":"Cancellation"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2223,"CategoryName":"Browser errors"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2224,"CategoryName":"Site Seal, Logo"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2238,"CategoryName":"SSL installation errors"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":38,"CategoryName":"SSL General"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":67,"CategoryName":"Activation"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":68,"CategoryName":"Validation"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":69,"CategoryName":"Installation"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":14,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":70,"CategoryName":"Reissuance"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":true,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/performance-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":9,"CategoryName":"My Account","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":9,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":45,"CategoryName":"Account Security"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":9,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":43,"CategoryName":"Profile Management"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":9,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":44,"CategoryName":"Account Access"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":103,"CategoryName":"LVE (CloudLinux)"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/affiliates-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":55,"CategoryName":"Affiliates","SubCategories":[]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":89,"CategoryName":"SSH Access"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/tools-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2211,"CategoryName":"API & Resellers","SubCategories":[{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2211,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2227,"CategoryName":"SSL Resellers"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2211,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2229,"CategoryName":"Hosting Resellers"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2211,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":63,"CategoryName":"Namecheap API"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":2211,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2196,"CategoryName":"WHMCS module for SSL"}]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/timer-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2212,"CategoryName":"Legacy Products","SubCategories":[]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":205,"CategoryName":"FTP questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2180,"CategoryName":"MySQL questions"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2199,"CategoryName":"Hosting Migration"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":0,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"/assets/img/pictograms/150/premiumdns-red.png","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2231,"CategoryName":"PremiumDNS","SubCategories":[]},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":2194,"CategoryName":"Tips & Tricks"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":239,"CategoryName":"WHMCS"},{"__type":"Nc:SimpleKB:Abstractions:Dtos:CategoryItemDto","ParentCategoryId":12,"TreatAsTopicYN":false,"Description":"","ImageUrl":"","ShortDesc":"","CategoryId":33,"CategoryName":"SSL Installation"}],"status":200,"statusText":"OK"}}

What is an SSL certificate and what is it used for?

1. Introduction

SSL certificates are used to create an encrypted channel between the client and the server. Transmission of such data as credit card details, account login information, any other sensitive information has to be encrypted to prevent eavesdropping.

With an SSL certificate, data is encrypted prior to being transmitted via Internet. Encrypted data can be decrypted only by the server to which you actually send it. This ensures that the information you submit to websites will not be stolen.

Starting from 06/08/2014, Google announced that having an SSL certificate installed on your website will increase your ranking position, which is another great reason to use an SSL.

The certificate itself represents base64 encoded data that contains information about the entity the certificate was issued for, public key required for encryption and digital signature verification, and digital signature created with the private key of the certificate issuer.

certificate

An SSL certificate has to be installed on the server side. When you access a website secured by an SSL certificate issued by a trusted Certification Authority, you will see https:// at the beginning of its URL. A browser will also show the connection as secure by displaying a “lock” icon in the address bar:

https

2. Types of SSL certificates

SSL certificates can be divided into 3 validation groups:

Domain Validation Certificates

Requires a certificate applicant to prove his/her control over the domain name only. The issued certificate contains a domain name that was supplied to the Certification Authority within the certificate request.

Organization Validation Certificates

Requires a certificate applicant to prove that his/her company is a registered and legally accountable business, and to pass domain validation. The issued certificate contains a domain and company name of the certificate applicant.

Extended Validation Certificates

Includes validation requirements of two validation types mentioned above and additional requirements. The issued certificate contains a domain and company name of the certificate applicant.

Technical Overview

Glossary

  • Asymmetric cryptography - ciphers that imply different keys for encryption and decryption processes
  • Cipher suite - set of key exchange, authentication, encryption and message authentication code (MAC) algorithms used within SSL/TLS protocols
  • Handshake - protocol use within SSL/TLS for the purpose of security parameters negotiation
  • Key exchange - in the context of SSL/TLS, the way client and server securely establish a pre-master secret for a session
  • Master secret - key material used for generation of encryption keys, MAC secrets and initialization vectors (IVs)
  • Message Authentication Code (MAC) - one-way hash function computed over a message and a secret
  • Pre-master secret - key material used for the master secret derivation
  • Symmetric cryptography - ciphers that imply the same key both for encryption and decryption processes

4. Symmetric & Asymmetric cryptography

Two types of cryptography are being used by SSL/TLS protocols: symmetric and asymmetric.

Symmetric cryptography (also called “bulk encryption”) implies the same key for encryption as well as for decryption. In SSL/TLS symmetric ciphers are generally used for application data encipherment.
Examples of symmetric ciphers: AES, RC4, DES
Asymmetric cryptography (also called “public key cryptography”) implies different keys for encryption and decryption.
Public key contained in a CSR and subsequently in an SSL certificate is used for encryption and signature verification. A private key which is typically kept on the server may be used, depending on the cipher suite negotiated during the handshake, either for decryption of a pre-master secret required for computation of a master secret, or for signing parameters required to compute a master secret.
In plain words, in the context of SSL/TLS protocols, asymmetric encryption serves the purpose of secure symmetric encryption key computation for both sides (client/server).

Example of asymmetric cryptosystems: RSA, DHE, ECDHE

5. Cipher Suite

Cipher suite is a set of key exchange, authentication, encryption and message authentication code (MAC) algorithms used within SSL/TLS protocols.

Examples:

Cipher suite TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 implies
- DHE for key exchange
- RSA for authentication
- AEC_256_GCM for bulk encryption
- SHA384 is a hash function used for MAC computations

6. Handshake

Handshake is a protocol used within SSL/TLS for the purpose of security parameters negotiation. Depending on the cipher suite, a handshake can consist of different messages that parties send to each other.

The diagram below describes one of the most common handshake message flows that imply premaster key encipherment with an RSA public key. Such a handshake message flow is applicable for cipher suites as follows (examples):

TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384

handshake

Updated

Viewed
75824 times

{}

Need help? We're always here for you.